|Linux : Intelligent Computing
Most of the time you have to use the Terminal and install the package by entering the commands after this each and every component of the package get download and installed to your computer, and for this you have to be online and you need a fast and uninterrupted internet connection which is not possible every time. On may site you will get the different package to download in bulk and install them but they are sometime out of mind. Unlike Windows Linux support wider range of the installer and all have different code to install them. Today’s post am going to cover most of the file format that will defiantly help u to install the package in Linux via terminal.
Firstly you need to set the terminal in context menu so that you can open the terminal everywhere in directry.
How to install and remove a package in Linux
The general command to install the package in Linux is
Sudo apt-get install packagename
To update the current package, enter the following command
Sudo apt-get update
To remove the package from the system,
Sudo apt-get remove packagename
And remove all the dependent package from the directory use the following command
Sudo apt-get autoremove
How to install a .Deb package in Linux
.Deb is popular installer package compatible for debian distribution Linux like Linux Mint and Ubuntu. These packages are easily available on the Net to download and install. In most of the system you can get the installing option from context menu too. If you want to use the terminal then, right click on the package directoryà open terminal and enter the following command
Sudo dpkg – i packagename.deb
Removing the debian package enter the following command
Sudo dpkg – r packagename
Installing Tar/Gzip and Tar/BZip2 achieve files
These Tar/Gzip files are having extention .Tar.gz and filetype Tar/BZip2 have extension .tar.bz2. Tar/BZip2 are newer verson of Tar/GZip. To Extract these file, as usual open the terminal in the same directory, and run the following command
Tar xvf packagename.tar.gz
Where x is for extract v is for verbose(file list to be extraccting) and f is for files to be used.
Decompressig the “.gz” extention files.
Decompressing .bz2 files
Creating achieves in Linux
Creating .Gz Achieves.
Tar cvfz packagename.tar.gz folder
Creating a .bz2 archieves.
Tar cvfj packagename.tar.bz2 folder
You cam use the aptitude instead of apt-get to have better installation and removing of the package. Example
Sudo aptitude install packagename
Sudo aptitude remove packagename
Sudo aptitude upgrade
Sudo aptitude update
You can use the Synaptic software manager and software centre/software manager to download and install most(may not all) the available software for your Linux distribution.
You can go to synaptic package manager by Menu->system->administration->synaptic package manager.
We are going to post about Linux in coming time stay connected and comment or mail your feedback to us. See you guys.